Project funded by the Ministry of Education and Culture (2015-2016)
The most cited definition of open science probably comes from Nielsen (2011), who defined it as “the idea that scientific knowledge of all kinds should be openly shared as early as is practical in the discovery process.” Friesike and Schildhauer (2015) list the different forms or aspects of open science by interpreting the meaning of “open”. They list that the open science movement includes increased transparency of the research process (i.e. making data and tools openly available), increased collaboration by making the research process public and open for anyone to join, and efforts to make science more available to the public through 1) writing in a manner that is understandable even outside of academia, 2) including the public in the research process through “citizen science”, and 3) by ensuring open access to scientific literature. In addition to these Friesike and Schildhauer (2015) suggest that wider range of quantitative indicators of a wider range of impact can be incentivizing for researchers to make their research more accessible, adopting the open science ideology. These novel quantitative indicators of the impact that various research products have had and the attention they have received from a wider audience will be the focus of this research project as we develop methods and tools to measure the societal impact of Finnish research in Finland and beyond. This research will 1) investigate the current state of research in Finland using altmetric research methods and data, 2) develop data mining methods to capture the societal impact of Finnish research in Finland and beyond, and 3) develop novel quantitative indicators of research impact to incentivize researchers in adopting the open science movement.